We, women, can argue that our sex is the one more bombarded with hardships in the history of mankind. Maybe some men will argue but, most will rest their case. We had to fight to vote and to take on an equal stance in the assignment of societal roles. After over two millennia, it may seem that the fight has been won on many grounds.
The positive changes do not make a woman’s health’s vulnerability away. The World Health Organization reports that maternal mortality has decreased by 44 per cent between 1990 and 2015. However, 830 women still die from preventable causes of pregnancy and child delivery causes of death every day. Becoming better informed of the reasons for spotting alone has the potential to improve this sorry fact.
Below are the Top 7 reasons why women experience abnormal spotting or bleeding you should be able to spot immediately so that you can raise that red flag and be administered with the proper care if necessary:
1. Ovulation. Women sometimes experience light spotting when they ovulate. Ovulation happens about midway into your menstrual cycle. This is the time when a woman’s egg is most likely to be formed into an embryo if a sperm is able to penetrate its core and fertilize it. You will want to avoid having sex during this period of your cycle if you don’t want to become pregnant.
2. Contraception. Women who take birth control pills, and have intrauterine devices and patches implanted, are also prone to spotting in between cycles. That’s because these birth control methods work by interfering with your body’s natural hormone levels. During your body’s phase of adjustment, spotting may occur. Contraceptive pills will have this effect if these are not taken at regular intervals day after day.
3. Pregnancy. Spotting during pregnancy or conception should be considered as a red flag all the time. Never self-medicate nor taking your spotting for granted. Always report any sight of blood, whether light or heavy, to your doctor.
Implantation of the fertilized egg in your uterus may be marked and followed by a light spotting as it makes its way from the fallopian tubes. This is normal. Many women experience spotting for this reason. If you do not already know that you are pregnant, you may take this as a trigger to subject yourself to a pregnancy test.
Frequent spotting during pregnancy can deprive your unborn child of oxygen and nutrients that can hamper his or her development. Bleeding may also signify abnormalities in pregnancy, including possible miscarriage, but also special cases that need special pregnancy care such as ectopic pregnancy and placenta previa. In any case, you should let your doctor know about bleeding episodes immediately.
4. Menopause. Drastic drops and spikes in hormonal levels around menopause cause spotting as the body grows accustomed to the major transition happening from reproductive to menopausal. This is the reason why menopausal women should also be under the special care of a physician. Changes during menopause may cause more than just abnormal bleeding, but may also make certain conditions of the reproductive organ manifest.
5. Hormonal imbalance. Just like the significant fluctuations that happen during menopause, hormonal imbalance may happen anytime in the life of a woman. Abnormal cysts can make the bleeding worse. This is one of the most common reasons for spotting, particularly in adult, sexually reproductive women.
6. Sexually transmitted infections and other diseases involving the reproductive organs. A combination of spotting and heavy bleeding in between periods may be a sign of cervical cancer and pelvic inflammatory disease or, rare conditions such as melanoma of the uterus.
7. Other conditions. Sometimes, more mundane factors such as excessive working out and severe stress can cause spotting in women. Sexual aggression or abuse is another ordinary cause. Other related diseases are hormone-related disorders and diabetes. Once again, refrain from self-diagnosing. Whether or not you feel pain, schedule an appointment with your doctor for immediate and correct diagnosis of the underlying conditions that are causing you to spot or bleed.
“I’m tough, I’m ambitious, and I know exactly what I want. If that makes me a bitch, okay,” reportedly said one of the well-loved pop celebrities of all time, Madonna. Don’t let spotting get in the way of your perseverance and goals. That, in no way, means that you should neglect it. Keep in mind that your health takes priority over anything else that is keeping you busy on any ordinary day.